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Nephrology (Kidney Disorders)

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Leading the Way in Pediatric Nephrology

The Division of Nephrology at Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children’s Medical Center provides comprehensive diagnostic and treatment services for pediatric kidney diseases and renal failure in children. We treat the full range of disorders of the kidney and urinary tract. Our specialists respect and understand the unique needs of your child and encourage the most positive physical, psychosocial and educational development in children with renal disorders.

We manage the full spectrum of renal disease from intensive care problems to dialysis and kidney transplants.

Our team has expertise in the evaluation and treatment of patients with:

  • Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)
  • Hypertension
  • Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)


Many pediatric kidney diseases, and renal failure in children can be diagnosed before a baby is born through routine prenatal testing; treatment can occur with medication or through surgery while the child is still young. Other problems may emerge later in life, such as symptoms of urinary infections, growth retardation and high blood pressure. In some cases, the kidney problems are more severe and can require more extensive surgical treatment.

Kidney failure, which is also called renal failure in children, happens when the kidneys slow down or stop properly filtering wastes from the body. This causes buildup of waste products and toxic substances in the blood.

Some of the pediatric kidney diseases that we diagnose in children are:

Fetal Hydronephrosis - This occurs when one or both of the kidneys is enlarged due to an obstruction in the developing urinary tract or a condition called vesicoureteral reflux, in which urine abnormally flows backward from the bladder into the ureter.

Polycystic Kidney Disease - A condition where many fluid filled cysts have developed in both kidneys. These cysts can multiply and grow so large that they lead to kidney failure. Most forms of polycystic kidney disease are inherited.

Multicystic Kidney Disease - This is when large cysts develop in a kidney that hasn't developed properly, eventually causing it to stop functioning.

Renal Tubular Acidosis - A condition where the kidneys do not properly regulate the amount of acid in the body. This can cause kidney stones.

Glomerulonephritis - An inflammation or infection of the glomeruli, which are the parts of the nephrons that contain tiny blood vessels. It affects the kidney's ability to properly filter out waste and can lead to swelling, blood in the urine, and a reduced amount of urine production.

We are also noted for our Pediatric Hypertension Center, kidney stone evaluations and glomerular disease assessment. Furthermore, our specialists evaluate and treat children with both autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD).

The Division of Nephrology offers state-of-the-art, innovative drug therapies and is involved in ongoing clinical and scientific research. We have conducted NIH-funded research for 15 years, and we are a member of both national and international nephrology societies.

Make an Appointment with our Pediatric Nephrology Division:
Cohen Children’s Medical Center makes it easy for you to take the first steps in ensuring your child receives world-class pediatric nephrology care. Simply click the request an appointment button and set up an appointment with our caring and dedicated health professionals, or call 718-470-3490.

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